Minor chord


A minor chord is composed using a root/1st, minor 3rd and perfect 5th (or R/1-3-5) intervals played simultaneously. Generally written as Cmi, CMI or C-, it is good practice to simply use an upper case C and a lower case mi (Cmi) to represent it in writing.

In guitar, the intervals of a minor chord may not always be played in tonal order (root/1st, minor 3rd, perfect 5th, in this order) however the root note will always be the lowest tone (and most distinct) unless it is an inversion. For example: a Cmi chord played on the 8th fret using voicing #4 (barre chord) has a interval sequence of: root/1st, perfect 5th, root 1st(octave), minor 3rd, perfect 5th and root/1st(x2 octave) or R/1-5-1-3-5-1.

The tonality of a minor chord is consonant and resolved, though it is considerably "darker" than a major chord. It does not "lead away" from itself like the dominant seventh chord, or leave the listener with a sense of "suspense" like the minor seventh flat five chord.

Major, minor and diminished triads occur naturally in the harmonized major scale (triads), an augmented triad is simply a major triad with a raised fifth degree.

Minor chord profile

Intervals root/1st, minor 3rd, perfect 5th or R/1-3-5
Stability Consonant, resolved
Grouping class Triad
Common names (examples in C) Cmi, Cmin, CMIN, CMI, C

Chord shapes/voicings

Minor chord table

Chord name Root Minor third Perfect fifth
Cmi C E G
Cmi C E G
Dmi D F (E) A
Dmi D F A
Dmi D F A
Emi E G B
Emi E G B
Fmi F A C
Fmi F A C
Gmi G BDouble Flat (A) D
Gmi G B D
Gmi G B D
Ami A C (B) E
Ami A C E
Ami A C E (F)
Bmi B D F
Bmi B D F

Audio sample(s)

C Minor chord voicing #2




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Started playing guitar at the age of 13 with initial influences mainly AC/DC, followed by Van Halen and then right into Joe Satriani & Steve Vai. Traveled to Los Angeles at the age of 18 to study music at the Guitar Institute of Technology and graduated a year later. Made many good friends and colleagues with whom I am still in contact today. I spent my twenties teaching guitar at my own private teaching practice "Musicians Workshop" in Melbourne, Australia. In 2001 I started a musical accessories company "Pure Tone" which I ran with family for the next 5 years. The business is still running today with another owner. In 2006 I studied at T.A.F.E Multimedia Dev. & Design which gave me the skills to develop the Ricmedia Guitar website which took 12 months to design and develop. In 2013 I completely revamped the website to run on WordPress to make my life easier so I can concentrate on providing the best content in the best way I can, without spending too much time on the back-end.

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